Application examples of Miscanthus Giganteus

The need for responsible interaction with the environment and for sustainability urges us to find alternatives to fossil fuels and the countless materials which are made from them.

Miscanthus presents itself as an effective and realistic alternative to both fuels and materials made from petroleum, to meet the challenges of global demand.

Application examples of Miscanthus Giganteus

Considering Miscanthus’ positive contribution to the greenhouse effect, we notice that the plant is interesting not only for its high-level biomass production but also for its high rate of CO2 capture. Miscanthus is an eco-friendly grass that can significantly contribute to meeting environmental targets.

The concentration of energy in Miscanthus is high: the plant grows very fast and has extreme high CO2 absorption (C4 plant) and a caloric value of 96% that of brown coal. For instance, in order to produce one tonne of bio jet fuel GPL, three tonnes of dry biomass (conversion rate approx. 35%) are required. Miscanthus averages 16 and 20 dry tonnes per acre per year.

Application examples of Miscanthus Giganteus

Construction materials

  • Paneling from chipped and pressed Miscanthus. Such panels are used for partitioning and other forms of construction and furniture
  • Bio-concrete – Miscanthus mixed into concrete is often used in D3 printing constructions.
    Fibre board materials for construction
  • Insulating materials such as noise barriers
  • Building/housing blocks such as bricks
  • Precast concrete elements
  • Rooftiles
  • Sealants
  • Floor tiles
  • Doors
  • Window frames
  • Wall coverings

Platform chemicals and fuels

  • Platform chemical HMF (Hydroxymethylfurfural) used for polymers and additives in food industry
  • Biogas – a by-product of the HMF process
  • Bioethanol
  • Phenol (as Ethanol)

Additional examples of applications

  • Bio-composite materials
  • Street furniture
  • Parquets
  • Cattle feed
  • Animal bedding
  • Briquettes for heating purposes
  • Pallets
  • Catering (disposable) products
  • Paper for packaging and writing
  • Packing pallets for processed meat
  • Cups and food (take away)boxes
© Copyright - Ciba Research